Safeguarding the environment). This unsustainable demand for raw materials, coupled with climate change, is encroaching on natural habitats and contributing to the ongoing decline in species populations. The extinction rate we see today is estimated by the to be between 1000 and 10 000 times higher than would occur naturally if humans weren’t around.
The amount of waste we create is also rising alarmingly. The quantity of solid waste generated each year – much of which finds its way into water bodies and oceans – is expected to reach 2.59 billion tonnes by 2030 () and to continue climbing throughout the century. In lower-income countries, 93% of this waste is discarded through open dumping. Even a third of the food we produce is wasted or lost (). With spiraling consumption, mismanagement of solid waste and inefficient production processes impacting the world around us, we need to transform how we use and reuse the world’s natural resources.